Muazzez İlmiye Çığ (family surname İtil, born 20 June 1914) is a Turkish archaeologist and Assyriologist who specializes in the study of Sumerian civilization. In 2006, at the age of 92, she received world-wide coverage in international media when, upon publication of her 2005 book which described, among other topics, how her research into the history of the headscarf revealed that it did not originate in Judaism or Islam, but was worn five thousand years ago by Sumerian priestesses who initiated young men into sex, she and her publisher were charged with “inciting hatred based on religious differences”.[1] The dismissal of the charges on 31 October 2006, brought additional publicity.[2][3]